The sea aquarium.
Algae is a very important part of aquarium because many aquarists immediately abandon their hobby because they are unable to overcome the invasion of these plants. In most cases ososki, leading to subsequent problems with algae, are associated with earlier stage of the installation of the aquarium. In fact, in the aquarium will not have algae problems if you follow a few basic rules.
Even if – with the best intentions – You don’t want the appearance of algae in Aquarama, You must show proper respect to them. If You will better know the nature of the algae, you will be generally easier to deal with them.
Algae – the old vegetation on the planet
About 3 billion years ago, blue algae appeared on earth and became the first vegetation on it. It is the oldest of living organisms, the well known chlorophyll – crusadea the substance that gives green color to the leaves and photosynthesis, through which nutrients can be done with the help of light, one of the most outstanding phenomena in the creation of the world. The appearance of blue algae was closely associated with the growth of oxygen in the atmosphere. From it was formed the ozone layer which in turn is protected from the deadly UV rays, making the residents of water poverkhnostyami.
Almost 25 billion years algae were the only representatives of vegetation on the Earth. Only about 500 million years ago appeared higher plants. During this period, seemingly infinitely large, the algae has reached environmental perfection, and this in turn played a prominent role in the progressive development of flora and fauna on the planet.
Algae are plants
The proximity of algae to aquarium plants often makes fighting algae difficult when they pojavljajutsja in large quantities. Many factors that destroy algae and harmful for plants. In contrast, there are many species of algae differing in their impact on the aquarium. Some algae are more or less harmless in the aquarium, others very dangerous, and once out of control can strike the living conditions of fish and plants in the aquarium.
Algae can grow even in an empty aquarium. In fact, tiny spores, which multiply the algae, are present in almost every aquarium. They are recorded there with the plants, with water, with live feeds or in contacts with other aquariums.
In consequence HX dependent on the conditions of life in the aquarium, especially for aquatic plants, depending on achieving the situation with algae alarming proportions. On the other hand, it is a chance for the aquarist to prevent a potential problem: optimal care and preservation of aquarium water for the purpose of creating conditions favourable for growth of aquatic plants will totally protect it from the influx of algae.
Algae are an indicator of lack of care for the water.
Definitely it is proved that the infection of algae occurs when there is a deficit of specific nutrients, incorrectly used or the lighting in the aquarium water does not meet chemical requirements. In addition, an excess of nitrogen, especially in nitrate form, enabling the algae, as in natural habitats is never reached such a high level of nitrates, which can be found in aquariums.
On this basis, we can formulate the basic principle of: algae in the aquarium are an indication that the ecosystem of the aquarium is not all right. Recognized fact that algae prefer to settle on diseased or damaged plant parts.
Fight algae and plants for nutrients
Over billions of years of its development many algae are adapted to survive in harsh environmental conditions. They use this experience in the aquarium, for example, when they find themselves in conditions of food shortage. As everyone knows, the absence of one of the trace elements (iron, manganese, etc.) will result in cessation of growth of many aquatic plants. And then breaks the hour of algae, and now they have the advantage, therefore, it is important to maintain optimal and adequate nutrition.
However, actually, an excess of certain nutrients can be beneficial to algae. In this case, the nitrogen as nitrate and phosphate play a decisive role. Aquatic plants from the very beginning adapted to the allocation and satisfaction of the needs of power even from the nitrogen in the water. However, in aquaria they are often faced with 100-1000-fold excess of natural concentrations. The reason these adverse conditions lies in the structure of the aquarium. Zahochetsa a lot of fish in a confined space, their waste is chemically pollute the aquarium water. In addition, it’s because of uneaten food, otgnivshih plants, detritus and poorly organized filtering.
One method of combating this is regular water change (one third of the total every two weeks) together with appropriate water treatment and fertilizer plants.
What types of algae exist in the aquariums?
From the foregoing it can be concluded that there is no absolute protection from the penetration of spores of algae in the aquarium. Especially after you upgrade the aquarium, which should be made with great care. Therefore, the main principle: “to prevent problems in advance”.
Harmless algae: brown algae and silica
It is possible that you will notice a thin brown layer on glass, stones, thermometer and other places in a couple of days after filling the aquarium. In most cases is quartz algae. Over time they will disappear completely. These “brown algae” can be easily removed from the glass by pay or porolonovoj a sponge. On the other hand, they appear in limited quantities and will automatically disappear as soon as the plants begin to properly take root in the aquarium are optimal oxygen concentration.
Green algae also are harmless to aquarium inhabitants. They are considered as an indicator of normal conditions in the aquarium. They are the closest to our aquarium plants.