The production of pond fish and the prospects of its development
In Crimea there are favorable conditions for development of pond fish farming. The article says about his condition today: the number of reservoirs, production of fish and etc. And also about future plans, including the establishment of enterprises for processing of fish. Describes a new form of semi-intensive fish-breeding, which crossed the farms of the Crimea. The ways of extension of deadlines fresh fish.
THE PRODUCTION, POND FISH, AND ITS DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS IN THE AUTONOMOUS REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA
The development of pond aquaculture is the main area in fish farming to ensure sufficient number of quality fish products.
It is known that all water bodies in which there uvodna (local) or the universe ichthyofauna, fisheries are objects. Water features are one of the natural bases of the economic development of the fisheries complex of the autonomy that performs its task in providing a complete nutritional products that promote his employment, has recreational value. In Crimea for keeping pond fish farming (breeding, pond fish production, recreational and sport fisheries) used 340 water bodies total water poverhnosti ha.
Over the past three years, the majority of households involved in pond fish culture, carried out the transition from extensive (grazing aquaculture) form of management in semi-intensive form, which allowed to increase the production of pond fish to 1580 tons in 2005 to 2102 tons in 2007 and increase overall productivity with 278 kg/ha 370 kg/ha.
Work stable economy Krasnoperekopsky, Lenin, Soviet and black sea regions, increasing annually by 10-15 % of the pond fish production, increasing the productivity of used ponds and water features.
In 2008 for keeping pond fish farming involved 339 of ponds and reservoirs, with water surface area At 201 6683 ha. water body (5639,6 ha) is the production and reproduction of pond fish: common carp, grass carp, silver carp, sterlet, paddlefish, channel catfish and other species. It is planned to produce 2,400 tons of pond fish, with 425 kg of fish productivity per hectare.
For this purpose it is necessary to continue the transition to semi-intensive form of maintenance of pond fish farming, which provides the ability to get from 500 to 1000 kg of fish from 1 ha of water area of the pond, as due to the joint cultivation of various species of fish in the same area and increasing the stocking density from 1,500 to 3,000 ind./ha yearling fish, and other intensive techniques of production of commodity fish.
It is necessary to widely use the experience of specialized commodity-fish farms on the organization of production of commodity fish, improve the quality of farmed fish to improve its taste and weight conditions.
Stocking high quality stocking material in optimal terms is one of the main factors in the increase of total fish productivity and increasing the production of pond fish.
In March-may this year was the stocking of ponds and reservoirs zaribko in quantity 5625 thousand copies, is scheduled for 2008 8070 thousand copies of yearling carp, silver carp, grass carp and others. This work is ongoing. In the fall tentatively to be released in the pond more than 2.5 million copies of the yearling.
Commercial fish production is characteristically cyclical, which leads to influx of fish in the autumn. This circumstance leads to the fact that the population loses the ability to consume pond fish during most of the year. In this regard, manufacturers of commercial fish should be looking for ways to increase timing of its implementation that matters and in establishing seasonal differentiated prices for the products sold. To solve this problem, apply both traditional methods (construction of bases and ivorine sadkovich farms) and biotechnological methods, such as sparse planting of large fish stocking material, joint cultivation year old, three years old and other. Thus increases the overall productivity of used ponds and water features, extended timelines for high-quality fresh fish.
The Ministry of agrarian policy draws the attention of heads of fishery enterprises on the use of proven formulas of mixed feeds, the establishment of optimal modes of keeping fish in the summer, as well as the use recommended to prospective production of the rock compositions of Sariska.
Industry experts noted long-felt need in the creation of industrial structures, specializing in the processing of commercial pond fish.
Considerable demand among the population provena, dried, smoked fish, canned fish, preserves and culinary products.
In the process of increasing the volume of production of commodity pond fish, since 2005, the organization of its industrial processing is becoming increasingly important.