The most beautiful marine fish
Angel fish or fish-angels, painted the brightest colors of all colors of the rainbow, adorned his presence of coral reefs of almost all tropical seas.However, if earlier these colorful fish were widespread, at the present time the population of angelfish is not very stable and is under threat of extinction. In fact, the main reason for this is the catch of fish for aquarium collections.
Fish-angeleri pomacanthidae (lat. name Pomacanthidae) — the family of marine bony fishes belonging to the squad okuneobraznyh. Count 9 genera and 74 species. It should be noted that these reef fish, there are species, endowed with an extraordinarily vivid and variegated colors.
Angelfish are easily recognized by the flat body, large stripes and bright colors. The flat body of the fish-the angel helps her hide from predators in the coral. The strips also serve to protect: thanks to them, fish head angel enters the field of view of the predator in the last turn.
In addition to bright coloration and flat body of the fish of this family have a characteristic powerful, rearward spike which is on the underside of the gills. The special color of this cleat is different from the color of the rest of the fish’s body.
The length of angelfish is from 6 to 60 cm Most small representative of the family of angels is considered a dwarf angel fish (centropyge), kotoroye length exceeds 10 cm.
In some species of angelfish very big mouth. When this fish swims above the coral, she opens her mouth and sucks in food like a vacuum cleaner.
It should be noted that young angelfish are often painted in different way than adults. The difference in coloration is so great that young individuals previously considered as separate species. This difference in color is to young for camouflage, but also to “angels” were not subjected to aggression by the adult angelfish. Therefore, young people may live at the adult fish, and while fish grow up, they are not cast out.
When the angelfish grows up (usually at 1-2 years of age), the color is gradually changing and the fish takes its place in the community.
Some angels, such as the Royal holocast (Holocanthus ciliaris) and holocast Pusser (Holocanthus passer), have a very bright figure in his youth and not so beautiful in adulthood.
For juveniles of all pomacanthus typical banded pattern. When ripe pomaranczowy delicate colors teenagers gradually replaced by adult coloration, many species even more beautiful.
Angel fish – a real beauty among the fish. More incredible combinations of brilliant colors no more than one fish in the world. Blue, red, emerald, orange, Golden yellow, lemon, coal black are some colors that adorn the angelfish. Hundreds of varieties of fish-the angel of all colors live around the world. The most favorite is the striped pattern, while some are disguised as butterfly fishes, having the body several large color patches.
Angelfish live in the tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. They inhabit mainly coastal waters and prefer to live near coral reefs at different depths from 3 to 60 meters.
Among the angelfish are omnivorous and instances, which eat everything from algae to small animals, and foodies are vegetarians, eating only algae and sponges. So, members of the genus of polemical (Apolemichthys) feed exclusively on sponges, linkvalue angelfish (Genicanthus) — zooplankton, and dwarf angelfish (Centropyge) — seaweed. Young angelfish, for example, they find food on the body of their larger cousins: they eat the parasites from their scales.
Despite her angelic beauty, fish, in General, is quite aggressive towards other dogs and territorial. On the reefs they clearly divided the territory that jealously defend from rivals. So, big fish “have” a territory of more than 1000 m2, and the dwarf can claim only one coral colony.
Despite the attractive appearance, these fish are solitary, never forming large clusters. Angelfish live, as a rule, long-term pairs or in small harem groups consisting of one male and several females. These pairs, or “harems” are very stable and are formed for life. Family fish defend their clan territory, chasing intruders.
“Living jewels of the reef”, dwarf angelfish have won the hearts of Amateur aquarists worldwide a stunning and unique color, interesting and attractive your habits and behavior.
Along with the fish-butterflies, fish, angels form the basis of the composition of the majority of reef aquariums. Large adult fish are very aggressive and ill get along with close relatives. A fight in between the aquarium these fish sometimes lead to the death of one of them. However, the angels feel together with representatives of other families, in particular with fish-butterflies.
The fish lived well, fans of their accommodation in a spacious reef aquariums with plenty of hiding between rocks and crevices. Fish quite finicky in the aquarium requires a strong filtration system and regular water change. In captivity eat a variety of fresh and frozen foods from invertebrates, but some portion of the diet should be vegetable, natural or artificial feed.
It is assumed that the dwarf angel fish is the one that grows to a maximum of 12.5 cm
Dwarf angelfish inhabit coral reefs in almost all tropical seas.However, if earlier these colorful fish were widespread, at the present time the population of angelfish is not very stable and is under threat of extinction. In fact, the main reason for this is the catch of fish for aquarium collections.
Bright colors and unique ornaments these amazing, impressive fish were encouraged to call them the “Royal” names, such as Royal, Imperial or majestic angel fish — and this is only the beginning of an extensive list of names. No matter whether you are attracted to large for home aquariums or small: you will not be able to resist the simple magnificence of these beauties.