The garden pond
The pond could become a real jewel of your garden, but only if it is properly designed, constructed and receives appropriate care.
The choice of location of pond: This must not be a shady place under the trees. The falling leaves will pollute the water and growth of roots may cause damage to the coating of the walls of the reservoir or even the plastic mold.
Construction material: the most commonly used plastic film or as finished shapes. If you are planning a large pond, it is better to use the tape if less than 4 sq. m. – the simplest way using ready-made forms.
To fill small ponds are frequently used plants meadow and wetlands.
Aquatic plants suitable for settlement of a pond:
In the vicinity of the ground water is never completely dry.
In this area you are planting moisture-loving plants such as astilbe of arendse, function (host), Siberian iris. tradescantia virginiana, daylilies, bergenia, bergenia, loosestrife, marsh forget-me-not, globeflowers. In this area you can plant grasses such as miscanthus, Mannik great. Trees and shrubs areas of wet meadows: Japanese or Manchurian willow, cotoneaster horizontal, ornamental maples. Trees and shrubs conifers which love shady and moist sites: rhododendrons, azaleas. the hydrangea.kalmii.
Marsh area – covers the area between the wet meadow and the water surface. The coast in this area is humid and periodically flooded. Plants that live in this area can grow not only in the swamp, but also in shallow water. Species that can grow in these conditions include: taksodium double-row and Derain otpuskaly Variety Flaviramea Dernov korau have a decorative bright yellow color and like the wetlands on peat soils
Shallow area is covered with reeds area marsh area with a maximum depth of about 30 cm in Spring and summer the water in this area heats quickly. It often inhabits fish and frogs. There may grow not only reed, but marsh plants, and plants in surface waters. To the reed plants are ranked ezhegonik, calamus, bolotnitsa, riverine horsetail, yellow iris, flowering rush, watch trilistnaja.
Zone floating leaf Zone with a depth of 0.5-1.5 m. In this zone you are planting underwater plants that are rooted under water. First of all, this Lily, also called water lilies. There are many varieties of water lilies often bloom from may to October, but only if you remove them perespevshie buds. In our climate can be planted a lot of lilies in white, yellow, pink and red. Blue, blue, purple or violet are tropical subspecies which require water temperature above 10 ° C and for our climate are not suitable. Other plants the leaves of floating zones: yellow water Lily, pontederia cordate, orontium water, Potamogeton natans, stream Veronica Urrutia pigweed,
Yellow Lily grows at a depth of 50 cm the Plant blooms from may to August, producing yellow flowers floating on the water surface. In slightly more shallow water, about 30 cm deep, you can put decorative pontederia. They bloom from June to August, creating a blue inflorescences composed of small flowers at a distance of 60-70 cm from the surface of the water.
There are also varieties blooming white or pink. Pontederia very sensitive to frost and closer to the cold period it should be moved to deeper water.
The surface area of water inhabited by free-floating plants, sometimes the wind whips them into the zone of riparian plants. They should not be too much, as they can create excessive shading negatively on the ecosystem of the pond. To the surface of the water plants include: duckweed, floating rice and Salvinia, utricularia vulgaris, vodokras of lyagushachi, piste and female.
The animals in the pond
Even a small pond can be home to various water animals – zooplankton, invertebrates, amphibians, and fish. Such places are also loved by many insects, such as dragonflies, are being predators, destroy mosquitoes and maintain balance of biological species.
Also similar is the role of wadomari. The pond as well eventually colonise the frogs and snails. Them and the amphibians are almost always comfortable in the pond, but that they become an integral part of the reservoir it is necessary to create special conditions. Amphibians like big leaves of a Lily floating on the surface of the water.
The greatest pleasure we get from watching ornamental fish. In smaller ponds it is best to keep fish with a small demand for oxygen, such as tench and crucian carp. Decorative goldfish is actually a type of carp, and in addition to the decoration of the pond is beneficial eating insect larvae, such as mosquitoes. Also in earthen ponds cultivate fish the stickleback, it is useful because it feeds on remains of dead organisms.
Ornamental varieties of common carp cultured in a large and deep water bodies. In addition they require the artificial saturation of water with oxygen. They can also damage the roots of aquatic plants, therefore, valuable species should not grow in the same pond with them.
Care of ornamental pond
First of all, you need to keep biological balance in the aquatic environment. The problem may be the excessive growth of algae and plants on the surface, excessive over-fishing, pollution of the pond with fallen leaves or the remnants of fish food. Thus, the reservoir should be cleaned at least 2 times per season. Useful for maintaining proper water conditions to use special filters. They can be combined with aeration system. In addition to filtering water, the bottom of the reservoir is preferably cleaned using a special cleaner Can also help prevent the excessive overgrowth of algae and the silting up of the bottom of the reservoir cultivating mollusks, larvae of amphibians and snails. If you are not going to breed in the pond fish can be used to combat sludge zooplankton, such as Daphnia.